- 1 Why do airplane engines backfire?
- 2 What happens when you prime an aircraft engine?
- 3 What is your engine fire on start procedure if the engine doesn’t start?
- 4 Will the engine still run if the master switch is turned off?
- 5 What is the difference between backfire and Afterfire?
- 6 Which of the following will indicate a general weak engine condition?
- 7 Why is it normal to have high temps during the engine starting procedure?
- 8 When should I prime my engine?
- 9 Why is it important to lock the engine primer after use?
- 10 How do you stop an engine fire?
- 11 What is the most common cause of carburetor fires during engine start?
- 12 What does the master switch control?
- 13 What affects takeoff performance?
- 14 What happens if you leave magnetos on?
Why do airplane engines backfire?
When leaked oil finds itself in the exhaust system of the engine and is ignited, the engine backfires. For an engine backfire to occur, an engine would need a carbureted system of pistons to malfunction in its ignition timing.
What happens when you prime an aircraft engine?
When you prime an engine, you ‘re putting fuel into the cylinders (or the intake manifold) so that the engine can fire. Pilots tend to over-prime the engine by priming too much or too many times (we’re guilty of it too). In contrast, there are very few people who prime too little.
What is your engine fire on start procedure if the engine doesn’t start?
If the engine starts: let it run for a few minutes then shut down as normal and inspect the aircraft for damage. If the engine doesn’t start: open the throttle, cut off the fuel (mixture, fuel pump, and/or fuel cutoff as applicable), and evacuate the aircraft.
Will the engine still run if the master switch is turned off?
In your car, if the electrical charging system fails or the ignition is turned off, your engine stops running. In an airplane, the electrical system can be turned off with the master switch and the magneto-equipped engine will continue running.
What is the difference between backfire and Afterfire?
What are backfire and afterfire? Backfire is a condition described as a loud bang, poof, explosion, etc., while the engine is running or while shutting down. Afterfire occurs after the engine has been shut off. Note: Backfire and afterfire through the carburetor will not harm the engine at all!
Which of the following will indicate a general weak engine condition?
What would indicate a general weak-engine condition when operated with a fixed-pitch propeller or test club? Lower than normal static RPM, full throttle operation. You just studied 57 terms!
Why is it normal to have high temps during the engine starting procedure?
If the fuel is ignited before there is enough air flowing around the chamber, its temperature will increase dramatically and exceed the design limits of the combustion chamber and turbine blades, thus causing a failure. This condition is known as a hot start.
When should I prime my engine?
It is critical that the oiling system be primed before the first start-up. Priming fills the internal oil passages so that all moving parts have oil, once the engine is started. Engine oil lubricates and cools moving parts of the engine.
Why is it important to lock the engine primer after use?
It is important to lock the primer in place when it is not in use. If the knob is free to move, it may vibrate out during flight and can cause an excessively rich mixture. To avoid over-priming, read the priming instructions for the aircraft.
How do you stop an engine fire?
Shut off the engine. This will stop the flow of fuel, which can prevent a full-blown fire from occurring. Get yourself and all passengers out of the car, and move to a safe place as far away from the car as possible, at least 150 feet away. Call 911.
What is the most common cause of carburetor fires during engine start?
The fires that damage our airplanes are almost always caused by the ignition of a pool of fuel sitting in the carb heat box – fuel that found its way there due to excessive priming or priming attempted with the throttle and accelerator pump in the carburettor.
What does the master switch control?
The master switch is a split-rocker type switch labeled MASTER, and is ON in the up position and off in the down position. The right half of the switch, labeled BAT, controls all electrical power to the airplane. With this switch in the off position, the entire electrical load is placed on the battery.
What affects takeoff performance?
The lift and the drag during takeoff depend on air speed, but the distance required for takeoff depends on the ground speed. A headwind therefore reduces the ground speed at a required takeoff air speed and reduces the takeoff distance.
What happens if you leave magnetos on?
However, if you turn the magnetos off while the prop is still turning, you’ve just removed the spark and some unburned fuel can be left in the engine. Then if the magneto grounding system is faulty and you turn the prop even slightly, the engine can start for a few seconds, which is just long enough to kill you!